ISSN 0320-961X (Print)
ISSN - (Online)

For citation:

Rastegaeva M. N. Once again about the meaning of the term “manubiae”. Ancient World and Archaeology, 2021, vol. 20, iss. 20, pp. 89-98. DOI:, EDN: GHKCVK

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 128)
Article type: 

Once again about the meaning of the term “manubiae”

Rastegaeva Mariya Nikolaevna, Saratov State University

The article is devoted to the analysis of the term “manubiae” in the context of the construction activity of magistrates in ancient Rome. The author's arguments show that neither ancient sources nor historiography can resolve the dispute about war booty and manubial construction. Therefore, the author of the article proposes a different solution to the problem – in order to determine what manubiae is, how it differs from praeda, how and who could use manubiae, it is necessary to consider some property embezzlement claims by Roman generals (i.e. how and who could not use manubiae and on what grounds the Roman Senate could accuse duces of peculatus during the Rebuplic period). In conclusion, the definition of manubiae is given as part of the spoils of war, which was at the disposal of the generals.


Broughton T.R.S. The Magistrates of the Roman Republic. N.Y., 1951. Vol. 1.

Churchill J.B. Ex qua quod vellent facerent: Roman Magistrates’ Authority over Praeda and Manubiae // TAPhA. 1999. Vol. 129. P. 85–116.

Ernout A., Meillet A. Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue latine. 4-e éd. P., 1959.

Korolenkov A.V., Smykov E.V. Sulla. Moscow, 2007.

Lammert F. Manubiae // RE. 1930. Bd. XIV. Hbd. 28. Sp. 1361–1362.

Mommsen T. Die Scipionenprozesse // idem. Römische Forschungen. B., 1879. Bd. 2. S. 240–246, 417–510.

Münzer F. Q. Servilius Caepio // RE. 2. 1923. Bd. II. Hbd. 4. Sp. 1786–1787.

Orlin E. Temples, Religion, and Politic in the Roman Republic. Boston, 2002.

Östenberg I. Staging the world. Spoils, captives, and representations in the Roman triumphal procession. Oxf., 2009. P. 62–66.

Shatzman I. The Roman General’s Authority over Booty // Historia. 1972. Bd. 21. P. 177–205.

Trukhina N.N. Politika i politiki “zolotogo veka” Rimskoy respubliki (II v. do n.e.). Mosсow, 1986.

Veyne P. Bread and Circuses, Historical Sociology and Political Pluralism. L., 1990.

Vogel K.H. Zur rechtlichen Behandlung der römischen Kriegsgewinne // ZSS. 1948. Vol. 66. S. 394–423.

Walde A. Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. Heidelberg, 1910.