ISSN 0320-961X (Print)
ISSN - (Online)

Full text:
(downloads: 146)
Article type: 

Боевые слоны в карфагенских армиях


For the first time Carthaginians had seen the war elephants on Sicily during the war against Pyrrhus. After that they had made war elephants’ divisions, which Carthaginians had being caught on the Atlas mountain foot. This threatening form of armament they had used during the conquering of Spain and against Romans during Punic wars. With their help Carthaginians had broken through the Roman formation in the Battle of Tunes in 256 BC, and Hannibal could carry them out over Rhone and Alps. To the end of the Second Punic War Carthaginians had depleted the resources of these beasts to their army, and it became one of the factors of Carthaginian war power weakening. The alive elephants were given to the Romans after capitulation in 201 BC.

Key words: 

Дельбрюк Г. История военного искусства в рамках политической истории / Пер. В.И. Авдиева. СПб., 1994. Т. 1. Античный мир.

Armandi P.D. Histoire militaire des éléphants, depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'à l'introduction des armes à feu. P., 1843.        

Bagnall N. The Punic Wars: 264-146 BC. Oxf., 2002.

Charles M.B. Elephants at Raphia: Reinterpreting Polybius 5.84-5 // CQ. 2007. Vol. 57.

Gowers W. African elephants and ancient authors // African Affairs. 1948. Vol. 47.

Head D. Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars (359 BC to 146 BC). Goring-by-Sea, 1982.

Ouiza Aïr Amara. Les soldats d’Hannibal. Clermont-Ferrand, 2009.

Sukumar R. The Living Elephants: Evolutionary, Ecology, Behavior and Conservation. Oxf., 2003.

Toynbee J.M.C. Animals in Roman Life and Art. L., 1973.

Walbank F.W. A Historical Oommentary on Polybius. Oxf., 1957. Vol. 1.