ISSN 0320-961X (Print)
ISSN - (Online)

Full text:
(downloads: 117)
Article type: 

Тертуллиан и семья: к внутренней христианской полемике эпохи Северов


New family conception making was a topical task during the period of Christian society formation. Tertullian rather consequently protested the trends which denied a family but considered the saving of marriage as a temporary concession to human weakness. The family model which he proposed did not imply any social responsibilities beyond church activity. Neither common housekeeping, nor children birth could be a reasonable ground for creating a family. Paradoxically, only inability to continence was admitted by him as a good cause to get married.

Tertullian is highly negative about children. In his opinion, they are a barrier between people and God. The writer declares the principle that “Christians are made, not born”. It reflects self-perception of early Christians. Tertullian’s eschatological expectations together with his own experience of breaking with paternalistic values determine his attitude to children as to potential pagans, opponents of their own parents. This marginality of self-perception is a specific feature of the Christian mentality during the epoch of Severus.

Key words: 

Бурдье П. Практический смысл. СПб., 2001.

Ahearne-Kroll, Stephen P. «Who Are My Mother and My Brothers?». Family Relations and Family Language in the Gospel of Mark // Journal of Religion. 2001. Vol. 81.1.

Aspregen K. The Male Women: A Feminine Ideal in the Early Church. Stockholm, 1990.

Barnes T.D. Tertullian. A Historical and Literary Study. 2nd ed. Oxf., 1985.

Brown P.R.L. Aspects of the Christianization of the Roman Aristocracy // JRS. 1961. Vol. 51.

Brown P. The Body and Society: Men, Women, and Sexual Renunciation in Early Christianity. N. Y., 1988.

Clark E.A. Antifamilial Tendencies in Ancient Christianity // Journal of the History of Sexuality. 1995. Vol. 5.3.

Cooper K. Insinuations of Womanly Influence: An Aspect of the Christianization of the Roman Aristocracy // JRS. 1992. Vol. 82.

Fowden G. Religious Communities // Late Antiquity. Cambridge (Mass.); London, 1999.

Harnack A. Geschichte der altchristliche Literatur bis Eusebius. T. 2. Die Chronologie der altchristlichen Litteratur bis Eusebius. Leipzig, 1897. Bd. 1-2.

Hopkins K. The Age of Roman Girls at Marriage // Population Studies. 1965. Vol. 18. № 3.

Hunter D.G. «On the Sin of Adam and Eve»: A Little-Known Defense of Marriage and Childbirth by Ambrosiaster // HThR. 1989. Vol. 82.3.

Lassère J.M. Ubique populus: peuplement de population dans l’Afrique romaine. P., 1977.

Monceaux P. Histoire littéraire de l’Afrique crétienne depuis les origines jusqu’à l’invasion arabe. P., 1901. T. 1.

Moxnes H. What is Family? Problems in Constructing Early Christian Families // Constructing Early Christian Families: Family as Social Reality and Metaphor / Ed. by H. Moxnes. L., 1997.

Parkin T. On Becoming a Parent in Later Life: from Augustus to Antonio Agustin via St. Augustine // Childhood, Class and Kin in the Roman World / Ed. by S. Dixon. Routledge, 2001.

Rousselle A. Porneia: On Desire and the Body in Antiquity. Cambridge (Mass.); Oxford, 1993.

Saller R. P. Men's Age at Marriage and Its Consequences in the Roman Family // CPh. 1987. Vol. 82.2.

Salzman M.R. Aristocratic Women: Conductors of Christianity in the Fourth Century // Helios. 1989. Vol. 16.

Salzman M.R. The Making of a Christian Aristocracy: Social and Religious Change in the Western Roman Empire. Cambridge (Mass.); London, 2002.

Shaw B.D. The Age of Roman Girls at Marriage: Some Reconsiderations // JRS. 1987. Vol. 77.