ISSN 0320-961X (Print)
ISSN - (Online)


For citation:

Buiskikh A. V. Levantine Import in Borysthenes. Ancient World and Archaeology, 2017, vol. 18, iss. 18, pp. 193-205. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/0320-961X-2017-18-193-205, EDN: YLCLMY

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 150)
Language: 
Russian
Article type: 
Article
EDN: 
YLCLMY

Levantine Import in Borysthenes

Autors: 
Buiskikh Alla Valerievna, Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Abstract: 

Ceramic assemblage from Borysthenes (excavations conducted by V. Lapin, 1960-1980) contains a number of unusual and rare imports – fragments of trading amphoras fabricated at Cyprus and at the numerous cites at Levantine coast. Import from Cyprus is attributed by fragments of two massive and high rounded handles and one rounded base attributed with so called basket-handle amphoras. The parts of some similar amphoras were excavated in Borysthenes in the later times. Import from Levantine coast is represented by four upper parts of jars with small twisted handles and carinated shoulders. This specific type of trading amphoras (Phoenician amphoras) in Borythenes’ ceramic collection is attested for the first time. Their common dating covers the second half of 7th – the very beginning of 6th c. BCE. Studying of these unusual imports for the entire Pontic region provokes a number of questions connected with general problem of Mediterranean sea trade in the archaic period. For Borysthenes it’s an actual question about the presence of direct trading connections with the South-Eastern part of Mediterranean or the use of middle traders and middle ports of trade. The role of Levantine production in the trade via Aegean is not clear yet. Borysthenes emporion opens a new topic for discussion about its role in the Mediterranean and Aegean sea trade, common organisation of this trade and the final customers of wine production, distributed in trading amphoras.

Reference: 

Буйских А.В. Некоторые полемические заметки по поводу становления и развития Борисфена и Ольвии в VI в. до н. э. // ВДИ. 2005. № 2. С. 146-156.

Буйских А.В. О греческой колонизации Северо-Западного Причерноморья (новая модель?) // ВДИ. 2013. № 1. С. 21-36.

Дюпон П., Назаров В. Левантские амфоры в Причерноморье // Из истории античного общества. 2003. Вып. 8. С. 142-148.

Ильина Ю.И., Чистов Д.Е. Ранний период (конец VII - первая половина VI в. до н.э.). Находки // Материалы Березанской (Нижнебугской) античной археологической экспедиции. СПб., 2012. Т. 2: Исследования на острове Березань в 2005-2009 гг. С. 8-41.

Allan R. An Inscribed Amphora from Deneia // Report of the Department of the Antiquities, Cyprus, 2004. Leukosia, 2004. P. 241-243.

Artzy M. The Utilitarian «Persian» Storejar Handles // Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. 1980. No. 238. P. 69-73.

Benson J.L. A Tomb of the Early Classical Period at Bamboula // AJA. 1956. Vol. 60. P. 43-50.

Bettles E. Caritaned-Shoulder Amphorae from Sarepta, Lebanon: a Phoenician Commodity and its Intra-Regional Distribution // Archaeology & History in Lebanon. 2003. Issue 17. P. 60-79.

Bikai P.M. The Phoenician Pottery of Cyprus. Nicosia, 1987.

Bîrzescu Iu. Die archaischen und frühklassischen Transportamphoren // Histria.Vol. XV. București, 2012.

Brinkmann V. Der Westbau // IstMitt. 1990. Bd. 40. S. 51-71.

Dan A. La Mer Noire et le Levant ancien: quelques domains d’enquete // Rivista di studi Fenici. 2011. XXXIX, 2. P. 211-258.

Dupont P., Skarlatidou Eu. Archaic Transport Amphoras from the First Necropolis of Clazomenian Abdera // Tiverios M. et al. (eds). Archaic Pottery of the Northern Aegean and its Periphery (700-480 BC). Proceedings of the Archaeological Meeting, Thessaloniki 19-22 May 2011. Thessaloniki, 2012. P. 253-­264.

DocterR.F. Archaische Transportamphoren // Niemeyer H.G., Docter R.F., Schmidt K. (Hrsg.). Karthago II. Die Ergebnisse der Hamburger Grabung unter dem Decumanus Maximus (Hamburger Forschungen zur Archäologie. Bd. 2). Mainz, 2007. S. 616-662.

Fantalkin A. Mezad Hashavyahu: its Material Culture and Historical Background // Tel Aviv. 2001. Vol. 25. No 1. P. 3-165.

Fantalkin A., Tal O. Reassessing the Date of the Beginning of the Grey Series Transport Amphorae from Lesbos // BABESCH. 2010. Vol. 85. P. 1-12.

Fourrier S. Le dépôt archaïque du rempart Nord d’Amathonte III. Les petits objects // BCH. 2004-2005. Vol. 128-129. P. 67-118.

Fourrier S. Le dépôt archaïque du rempart Nord d’Amathonte VII. Autres productions chypriotes et importations levantines // BCH. 2009. 133. P. 1-98.

Greene E.S., Leidwanger Ju., Ozdaș H. Expanding Contacts and Collapsing Distances in Early Cypro-Archaic Trade: Three Case Studies of Shipwrecks off the Turkish Coast // Lawall M., Lund J. (eds). The Transport Amphorae and Trade of Cyprus (Gösta Enbom Monographs. 3). - Aarchus, 2013. P. 22-34.

Humbert J.-B. Essai de classification des amphores dites «à Anses de Panier» // RB. 1991. 98. P. 574-590.

Lawall M. Ceramics and Positivism Revisited: Greek Transport Amphoras and History // Parkins H., Smith Ch. (eds). Trade, Traders and the Ancient City. L.; N.Y., 1998. P. 73-98.

Lawall M. Pontic, Aegean and Levantine Amphorae at Gordion. 1. Introduction // PATABS I. Production and Trade of Amphorae in the Black Sea. P., 2010. P. 159-165.

Lehmann G. Untersuchungen zur späten Eisenzeit in Syrien und Libanon. Stratigraphie und Keramikformen zwischen ca. 720 bis 300 v.Chr. (Altertumskunde des Vorderen Orients. Archäologische Studien zur Kultur und Geschichte des Alten Orients. Bd. 5). Münster, 1996.

Leidwanger Ju. The Cypriot Transport Amphora. Notes on it s Development and Distribution // SKYLLIS. 7. Jg. 2005/06. Hft. 1-2. P. 24-31.

Niemeier W.-D. «Die Zierde Ioniens». Ein Archaischer Brunnen, der jüngere Athenatempel und Milet vor der Perserzerstörung // AA. 1999. P. 373-413.

Regev D. The Phoenician Transport Amphora // Eiring J., Lund J. (eds). Transport Amhorae and Trade in the Eastern Mediterranean. Acts of the International Colloquium at the Danish Institute at Athens, September 26-29, 2002 (Monographs of the Danish Institute at Athens. Vol. 5). Aarchus, 2004. P. 337-352.

Sagona A.G. Levantine Storage Jars of the 13th to 4th Century B.C. // OpAth. 1982. XIV:7. P. 73-110.

Waldbaum J.C., Magness J. The Chronology of Early Greek Pottery: New Evidence from Seventh-Century B.C. Destruction Levels in Israel // AJA. 1997. Vol. 1. No. 1. P. 23-40.

Received: 
03.07.2017
Accepted: 
15.10.2017
Published: 
20.12.2017