ISSN 0320-961X (Print)
ISSN 0320-961X (Online)

Рим и Римский мир

Camulodunum colonia victricensis: рождение и гибель провинциального центра

Camulodunum was the first capital of Roman Britain. Today it is one of the well-known Roman-British towns. Recent excavations, a number of inscriptions and several passages by Tacitus and Dio shows that the earliest Roman Camulodunum was an imperial project. Roman authorities supposed that the town, which before 43 AD was a capital of “Eastern kingdom”, would become the centre of Britannia. When the legionary fortress of Camulodunum was abandoned, a civil settlement with status “colonia” of veterans was established.

Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensis. Кельн – центр римской провинции Нижняя Германия

Im Artikel wurden wichtige Momente der Geschichte der rheinischen Metropolen in römischer Zeit beleuchtet. Die ursprüngliche Siedlung, oppidum Ubiorum, wurde in den ersten Jahren unserer Zeitrechnung gegründet. Die führende Rolle bei den Bauarbeiten übernahmen die römischen Legionäre. Der Autor befürwortet in seiner Argumentation, dass sich das Militärlager erst innerhalb der städtischen Festigungen befand. Dort befand sich auch ara Ubiorum (dann ara Germaniae?) — Zentrum des kaiserlichen Kultes.

Время в сочинениях Саллюстия

The paper deals with Sallust’s perception of historical time. Sallust recognizes that ancestors’ times were better than current period, but, nevertheless, doesn’t deny progressive trends in development from past to present and notes many eventual changes to the best in course of history. Evolution of human characters, according to Sallust, does not go only to the worst too (contrary to opinion of some specialists on Sallust’s concepts). The author agrees with K.

Легендарно-историческая традиция о роде Фабиев: новый взгляд

Literary sources about the warfare between Etruscans and the Roman gens of Fabii in 477 BC show that both groups acted like initiatory groups of youths, which were characteristic for many primitive peoples. Thus, Fabii performed plundering raids into the Etruscan territory and acted very quickly and cunningly. Then, during their last battle at the Cremera river they demostrated rage and frenzy resembling to those of German berserks.

Мавританская кавалерия и позднеримская полевая армия Северной Африки: к вопросу о механизме формирования войсковых соединений Armigeri

The present article deals with the legal status of tribal Moorish cavalry in Late Roman Army of North Africa. The author proposed a hypothesis, that the inclusion of these troops in regular Roman military forces was made in two stages: first, the different tribal home guards, belonged to the local chieftains, received the rank of frontier units – limitanei. And then they were modified in field’s army units by transfer from frontier garrisoned forts in big cities within the province.

Трактовка понятий «традиционализм» и «республиканизм» в современной историографии в связи с формированием официальной идеологии раннего Принципата в эпоху императора Августа

The article is devoted to interpretation of “republicanism” and “traditionalism” in the historiography. Modern researchers don’t see a special difference between “traditionalism” and “republicanism” and correlate them with aristocratic values of the senate supporters, natives of the upper classes. However, according to the author, “republicanism” and “traditionalism” can’t be synonyms as the latter was the basis for outlook of all Roman society, regardless of citizens’ estate belonging or political convictions.

Октавиан и Агриппа: обстоятельства знакомства и общая юность

The author examines the circumstances of the early youth of Octavian and Agrippa and the beginning of their friendship. Agrippa’s family was probably wealthy but its origin was quite humble, and Octavian’s lineage was not much higher; his ancestors, except his grandmother Julia, belonged to Italian municipal families. It appears that Agrippa met Octavian in the house of the latter’s stepfather Philippus, and in the same house Agrippa’s brother made acquaintance with Cato, the son-in-law of Philippus.

Игры в политической жизни позднереспубликанского Рима: Ludi Veneris Genetricis (44 г. до н.э.)

The games sponsored by Octavian in late July 44 BC were the means through which he wanted to communicate with the Roman people and Caesar’s veterans. During the games Octavian publicly declared his desire to preserve Caesar’s memory as a member of his family and he was applauded by the spectators, both the people and veterans. As result of the games he acquired a great political prestige that forced Antony under the pressure Caesar’s veterans to agree to public reconciliation with him.