ISSN 0320-961X (Print)
ISSN - (Online)

For citation:

Korolenkov A. V. Sulla, a Republican Tyrant?. Ancient World and Archaeology, 2019, vol. 19, iss. 19, pp. 55-68. DOI:, EDN: XYFYA

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 203)
Article type: 

Sulla, a Republican Tyrant?

Korolenkov Anton Viktorovich, State Academic University for the Humanities

The article is devoted to some episodes of Sulla’s rule, namely the beginning of proscriptions, his triumph over Mithridates VI Eupator, alleged Sulla’s self-representation as second Romulus and the criticism of the dictator by Cicero in his speech for Roscius Amerinus. The author focuses on to the adoption of lex Cornelia de proscriptione by comitia without its approval by Senate. He denies any allusions during the triumph to the victory over the Marians and their Italian allies in the civil war and strengthens argumentation who rejects the opinion that Sulla considered himself as second Romulus. The author believes that Cicero’s irony and hardly hidden mockery of Sulla and his measures were normal because there was a high degree of freedom of speech during Sulla’s dictatorship – in accordance with republican traditions. Doubtless Sulla was a tyrant; but it is interesting that his tyrannical measures were allowed by mos maiorum or recent but already well-established practice; on the other hand, that very mos maiorum restrained occasionally his tyrannical behavior.


Еремин А.В. Сенатская оппозиция при Сулле: вымысел или реальность? // Мнемон. СПб., 2002. Вып. 1. С. 123–132.

Короленков А.В. Луций Марций Филипп в годы первой гражданской войны в Риме // ВДИ. 2018. № 1. С. 13–27.

Короленков А.В., Смыков Е.В. Сулла и зрелища (из новейшей литературы) // ВДИ. 2016. № 2. С. 489–496.

Смирин B.M. О политической позиции Цицерона в годы сулланской диктатуры (Опыт разбора ранних речей) // ВДИ. 1958. № 4. С. 88–103.

Штаерман Е.М. Социальные основы религии Древнего Рима. М., 1987.

Alföldi A. Die Geburt der kaiserlichen Bildsymbolik: kleine Beiträge zu ihrer Entstehungsgeschichte // Museum Helveticum. 1951. Bd. 8. S. 190–215.

Balsdon J.P.V.D. Sulla Felix // JRS. 1951. Vol. 41. P. 1–10.

Buchheit V. Ciceros Kritik an Sulla in der Rede für Roscius aus Ameria // Historia. 1975. Bd. 24. S. 570–591.

Carcopino J. Sylla, ou la la monarchie manquee. P., 1947.

Carney T.F. The Flight and Exile of Marius // G&R. 1961. 2nd  Ser. Vol. 8. P. 98– 121.

Classen C.J. Romulus in der römischen Republik // Philologus. 1962. Bd. 106. S. 174–204.

Evans J.D. The Art of Persuasion: Political Propaganda from Aeneas to Brutus. Ann Arbor, 1992.

Fröhlich F. Cornelius (392) // RE. 1900. Hbd. 7. Sp. 1522–1566.

Gabba E. Commento // Appiani bellorum civilium liber primus. Firenze, 1958. P. 3–336.

Ghilli L. Commento [alla biografia di Silla] // Plutarco. Vite parallele. Lisandro. Silla. Milano, 2001. P. 300–514.

Gruen E.S. Roman Politics and the Criminal Courts, 149–78 В.С. Cambr. (Mass.), 1968.

Havener W. Triumphus ex bello civili? Die Präsentation des Bürgerkriegssieges im spätrepublikanischen Triumphritual // Civil War in Ancient Greece and Rome. Contexts of Disintegration and Reintegration / Ed. by H. Börm, M. Mattheis and J. Wienand. Stuttgart, 2016. S. 149–184.

Heftner H. Der Beginn von Sullas Proskriptionen // Tyche. 2006. Bd. 21. S. 33–52.

Hinard F. Les proscriptions de la Rome républicaine. Rome, 1985.

Hinard F. Sylla. P., 1985.

Ihne W. Römische Geschichte. Leipzig, 1879. Bd. V.

Ihne W. The History of Rome. L., 1882. Vol. V.

Keaveney A. Studies in the dominatio Sullae // Klio. 1983. Bd. 55. P. 185–208.

Keaveney A. Sulla: the Last Republican. L.; N.Y., 2005.

La Penna A. Le Historiae di Sallustio e l’interpretazione della crisi repubblicana // Athenaeum. N.S. 1963. Vol. 41. Р. 201–274.

Laffi U. Il mito di Silla // Athenaeum. N.S. 1967. Vol. 45. Р. 177–213, 255–277.

Lange C.H. Triumphs in the Age of Civil War: The Late Republic and the Adaptability of Triumphal Tradition. L.; N.Y., 2016.

Letzner W. Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Versuch einer Biographie. Münster, 2000.

Luke T.S. Ushering in a New Republic. Theologies of Arrival at Rome in the First Century BCE. Ann Aror, 2014.

McGushin P. Sallust. The Histories. Oxf., 1992. Vol. I.

Morstein-Marx R. Mass Oratory and Political Power in the Late Roman Republic. Cambr., 2004.

Münzer F. Fufidius (4) // RE. 1910. Hbd. 13. Sp. 201.

Ogilvie R.M. A Commentary on Livy, Books 1–5. Oxf., 1965.

Östenberg I. Staging the World: Spoils, Captives, and Representations in the Roman Triumphal Procession. Oxf., 2009.

Östenberg I. Triumph and Spectacle. Victory Celebrations in the Late Republican Civil Wars // The Roman Republican Triumph beyond the Spectacle / Ed. by C.H. Lange, F.J. Vervaet. Roma, 2014. P. 181–193.

Pareti L. Storia di Roma e del mondo romano. Torino, 1953. Vol. III.

Santangelo F. Sulla, the Elites and the Empire: A Study of Roman Policies in Italy and the Greek East. Leiden; Boston, 2007.

Schur W. Das Zeitalter des Marius und Sulla. Leipzig, 1942.

Stockton D.L. Cicero: A Political Biography. Oxf., 1971.

Sumi G.S. Spectacles and Sulla’s Public Image // Historia. 2002. Bd. 51. P. 414– 432.

Valgiglio E. Plutarco. Vita di Silla. Torino, 1967.